A steady source of clean unregulated, pollution-free and clean water is a must for both the homesteaders and rural landowners. And the water straight from the ground checks all of those factors, which can be obtained from a well.
Considering how polluted the surface water is becoming day by day, the use of wells has seen a massive increase. However, using the primitive
process of using a bucket and a rope can make the task of collecting that pure water from the wells harder than it has to be. That is where the best well pumps steps in.
With one of those, the task of collecting water will not only be efficient but also will be pretty much hassle-free for you. You would not have to use your muscle power to pull a bucket full of water.
5 Best Well Pumps Comparison
Max Flow Rate
Red Lion RJS-100-PREM 602208
Hallmark Industries MA0343X-4
Advantages of Having a Well Water Pump?
There are plenty of benefits that these machines bring to the table. The main and most crucial ones are:
Quick Access to Pure and Mineral Enriched Water
First of all, having access to pure water means you would not have to go through the hassle of the purifying process. Also, groundwater is well known for being full of minerals and other essential components. And you are going to have the quickest access to that by installing one of these machines.
Ropes and buckets are not that reliable when it comes to collecting water. There are chances of the bucket getting stuck in the well and the rope breaking. On the other hand, by installing one of these machines, you are sure to get a constant supply of water, which makes these exceptionally reliable.
As you are going to have a reliable and steady source of mineral enriched and purified water, you would not have to worry about the cost of purification. You would neither have to pay any water bills either, making these a cost-efficient way of getting water.
Easy to Maintain
Unlike the other methods, these machines do not require that much maintenance. And whatever maintenance they do need are easy to carry out as well. Alongside that, for the automatic run cycles, where they turn on and off automatically, you will save on electricity bills too.
6 Best Well Pumps Reviews 2021
Not all of the pumps that you are going to stumble upon on the market will be that efficient. Alongside that, not all of them will be worth the money too. To make sure that you do end up wasting your valuable money, we have exclusively selected the ones that we believe are worth every penny. They are as stated:
1. Red Lion RJS-100-PREM 602208 - Editors #1 Choice
One of the things that most of the pumps can not offer is a high GPM rate. That is where this unit from Red Lion stands out.
To start with, the motor that it comes packed with has a 1 HP power rating. That power rating makes this one one of the best jet pump for wells. You will be able to efficiently draw out water from the ones that are up to 25 feet in depth.
It also features a 23 GPM flow rate, which means it would not take that long for you to collect a large quantity of water. Also, the 50 PSI pressure rating that it has makes this one suitable for irrigation purposes as well. The glass-filled thermoplastic diffuser and impeller that it has will make sure that the flow is constant.
Alongside that, the overall construction of the unit is quite solid too. It has a heavy-duty cast iron body, which is not only resistant to rust but also corrosions. The capacitor that it has will make sure the flow of current is constant, which will make the motor offer high performance.
2. Hallmark Industries MA0343X-4
If you were on the lookout for the best submersible well pump that does not require any sort of external control box, then we might have the right thing for you! And, yes, it is from Hallmark.
To begin with, it comes with a built-in control box. For that reason, you would not have to go through the hassle of installing an external control box. The two-wire mechanism that it has will also make the installation process straightforward for you.
Alongside that, the body of the device is of stainless steel. That material does not only make this one exceptionally durable but also reasonably lightweight. It also sports a built-in thermal protection circuit that is going to prevent the motor from overheating. You can expect it to have a long lifespan.
The flow rating of the motor is also up to par. It has a 25 GPM rating, which means you will be able to draw water relatively fast. And the PSI level is quite up there too. The max PSI that it can disperse in is 60. It is also exceptionally efficient, thanks to the hermetical sealing that it has.
3. Goulds J10S Well Pump Reviews
A pressure regulator is one of the things that you might have to buy separately for most of the pumps. But that would not be the case for this unit that Goulds is offering.
First of all, the unit comes with a built-in pressure regulator. Depending on the task that you are doing, you will be able to set the pressure accordingly. It can be set from anywhere between 30 to 50 PSI. The unit's footprint is reasonably compact, making this one the best shallow well pump that you can get.
Also, the motor that it packs is quite powerful as well. It has a power rating of 1 HP. The engine also has a single-phase capacitor that can make it rotate to up to 3500 RPM, which makes it achieve quite a high GPM. You will be able to collect and disperse a large quantity of water in a small amount of time.
The shaft of the unit is made from stainless steel, which makes it exceptionally durable. Also, there is built-in overload protection. It also has automatic reset capabilities. And the pipe connector that it has is 1.25 inches for the suction and 1-inch NPT for the discharge.
4. WAYNE SWS100
Being able to resist rust and corrosion is quite crucial for the water pumps. Without that, you can not expect the unit to have long term durability. That is what WAYNE factored in when they were manufacturing this model.
To start with, it features an overall construction of cast iron. That material makes the unit highly resistant to rust and corrosion. Alongside that, it makes the overall structure exceptionally sturdy too. For that reason, you can easily expect it to serve you for years after years without showing any issues.
The motor that the unit sports has a 1 HP power rating. That makes it capable of offering a flow rate of 510 gallons per hour. Also, it makes it compatible with plenty of depths too. You can expect to get a steady and workable pressure rate on depths that are from 0 to 25 inches.
And there are two dedicated pipe connectors. One of them is for suction, which is 1-1/4 inches NPT. And the other one is for dispersion, which is ¾ inches NPT. You will also be able to control the pressure using the pressure switch that it has on the body.
5. Simmons 1160/PM500 No.2
You might not want to pay any sort of electric bills for pumping the water out of the well. And in that case, your only alternative to the electric units would be a pitcher pump, which is what Simmons is offering here.
First of all, the overall construction of the unit is quite rugged. All of the parts are constructed from cast iron, which will make the overall package exceptionally durable. You would not have to worry about durability either. It is going to last for an extended amount of time.
Also, because of the cast iron construction, the unit is highly resistant to rust. It can also resist corrosion reasonably well. The bolts that it utilizes are all reinforced, which is going to make sure that you can disperse water with the highest efficiency. You would not have to use that much muscle power.
Alongside that, the cap of the unit is adjustable. Depending on the amount of water you need, you will be able to set it at different positions. Also, it comes with a contoured handle. For that shape of the handle, you would not face any trouble holding it.
6. Wayne CWS100
Were you on the lookout for the best deep well pump? Want something that has a relatively high GPM rate? Then what you were probably looking for is this unit that is from WAYNE.
To begin with, it packs a 1 HP motor. The motor is highly efficient, making it capable of offering a flow rate of 588 gallons per hour. That rate of GPM is higher than what the other pumps are capable of offering. The motor is highly efficient too. That means it would consume considerably less amount of power for operations.
You will also have full control over the PSI level, thanks to the pressure switch that it comes with. According to the task you are carrying out, you can set it from 30 to 50 psi. It also has two dedicated pipes. One of them is for discharge, and the other one is for suction.
Lastly, WAYNE has utilized high quality cast iron for the overall construction. For that reason, it achieves quite a high level of durability. The material also makes it achieve a high rust and corrosion resisting capability.
How to Find The Right Well Pump – Buying Guide
As we have mentioned, not all of the pumps that you are going to stumble upon will be worth the price tag that they would have. To get one of the well-performing and worthy ones, aside from just going through the reviews, you would also have to keep these factors in your mind:
The motor is what makes these capable of collecting water from a certain depth. Considering that, you need to prioritize this the most. The first thing you need to factor in is power.
And the power is generally stated in HP. The higher the HP, the powerful the motor is going to be. Keeping that in mind, we would recommend you to shoot for the units that pack an engine that has a high HP.
Secondly, you need to consider whether the motor is efficient. The ones that consume less amount of power but can pump out a relatively high amount of water are the most efficient ones.
With those, you would not have to spend that much money on electricity bills too. Those are the pumps that we would recommend you to shoot for.
Another thing that you need to consider is the GPM rate. The GPM rate generally states the number of gallons that the unit can disperse in a minute. And the higher the rate is going to be, the faster you will be able to able to collect a large amount of water.
That means you would not have to wait that long with those. Also, faster GPM rates come in handy in irrigation too.
The pressure switch is what makes these versatile. By having one of those, you will be able to switch between different pressure levels, which will enable you to complete different types of water dispersion tasks.
For that reason, you should consider whether the device that you are shooting for has one of these or not. Also, this switch is a must if you are planning to do irrigation works using the pump.
If you want to use the machine last for a prolonged amount of time, you need to consider whether it has thermal protectors or not. This circuit will make sure that the motor is running at an adequate temperature.
Once the heat does exceed the standard rate, it will cut the power off. As a result, the chances of it overheating and the core components getting damaged will be relatively low.
Aside from the thermal protector, you also should ensure that the unit has an overload protector. Without having that, the motor can malfunction when a voltage surge occurs.
And motor malfunctions can degrade the lifespan of the core components substantially. For that reason, you should make sure that the unit that you are planning to purchase has this protection circuit.
One of the important factors that you need to factor in before making a purchase decision is the build quality of the units. Most of the devices will feature a cast iron construction, which is one of the sturdiest materials.
Other than that, many might even have a stainless body, which is equally sturdy. However, stainless steel devices are lighter than the cast iron ones.
For that reason, if you do not plan to transport the device around that much, it would be better to go for the cast iron ones. However, if you plan to move the unit around, then you should opt for the stainless steel ones.
Rust and Corrosion Resistance
Lastly, you need to consider whether the unit that you are planning to buy is resistant to rust and corrosion or not. Without having this capability, the devices are going to lose the overall structural durability pretty quickly.
And as these are going to be in constant contact with water, they would have a high possibility of catching rust and corroding if appropriate measures are not taken.
Types of Well Pump Systems
The pumps are generally categorized by considering three factors. They are
The Type of Well
There are usually two types of well. One of them is shallow, and the other is deep. The deep ones have a depth that is higher than 25 inches. On the other hand, the shallow ones have 25 inches or less amount of depth.
The shallow pumps are ideal for the shallow wells, while the deep pumps are the devices that are ideal for the deep wells. In a nutshell, if the water level is close to the ground, you would want to shoot for the shallow devices. And if the water level is relatively far from the ground, then you should go for the deep pumps.
The pumps usually have two types of operational modes. First, there are devices that push out water, which is known as submersible pumps. They are submerged on the well, and a pipe is connected, which travels all the way up to the surface. The mechanism works by pushing the water upward instead of pulling it.
On the other hand, the other mechanism that these implements are the pushing mechanism. These devices are known as convertible or jets. Instead of being submerged, they stay on the ground level, and a pipe travels all the way down to the water level.
These devices have two types of power delivery mechanism. One of the mechanisms solely relies on solar power, which is ideal if you want to implement an environmental-friendly and low carbon emission approach.
You would not have to connect these devices to any sort of power outlet. These can help you lower down the electricity costs too.
And the other type relies on the power that the outlets. These are the conventional pumps, which would require a constant flow of electricity to operate. The power consumption and the electrical cost of these will depend on how efficient the motor is.
Installation and Maintenance of Well Pumps
No matter how good the pump you bought might be, it would not offer you the peak performance if you cannot install it properly. Also, if you want to use it for a long amount of time, you would have to maintain it properly.
First of all, you need to ensure that you have all the necessary hardware with you. If you have got yourself a jet pump, then you would require mounting brackets and other tools.
Select an appropriate location for the device. Then, you need to install the mounting brackets and other mounting hardware in that location. The last step would be to screw the device into the mounting brackets.
On the other hand, if you have got a submersible unit, you need to install all the mounting hardware first, and then you would have to install it in your preferred location.
The maintenance process of these is pretty simple and straightforward. For the submersible ones, you need to turn the power off and take it out of the water first. And for the jet units, you just need to turn the power off.
Then you need to disassemble the unit and clean all of the components. Also, clean the water pipes and make sure that there are no molds inside the inlets.
How to Use a Well Pump?
Just like the maintenance process, the operational procedure of these is quite simple too. First of all, you need to make sure that you have installed the device appropriately. After that, you need to follow these steps:
Connect It With a Power Source
Now that you have installed the device properly, you have to connect it to a power source. For the submerged ones, you would probably need a long power cord. So make sure that you do have spare cables with you.
On the other hand, for the jet and convertible ones, you are probably not going to need that long power cable. But if you have installed it far away from the nearest power outlet, you will have to get a lengthy power cord.
Install the Pipes
For the submersible ones, you should install the pipes before installing the device. However, for the convertible ones, you can install the pipes after installing the unit. But you do need to make sure that the pipe is long enough for the submersible ones, or else you are going to face trouble in collecting water.
Power It on
Once everything is good to go, you will have to turn the power on. Set the pressure to your required amount, and you should have a steady flow of water.
Even though all of the units that we have recommended in our review section are the best well pumps, if we were to choose one, we would shoot for the Red Lion RJS-100 for the JET section. That offers reliable overall performance, and the motor that it packs is quite powerful too.
And for the submersible version, we would go for the Hallmark Industries MA0343X-4. That is the best submersible pump that you can get for the money. It has a 25 GPM rate, which is reasonably high, and has a built-in control box.